What is Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS)? An In-Depth Look at Blockchain Governance

6 Min Read
What is Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS)

What is delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS)? DPoS is an evolution of the proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, designed to offer enhanced scalability, efficiency, and democratic governance. Blockchain technology has revolutionised our perception and management of digital transactions, mainly through its decentralised nature and consensus mechanisms. The primary aim of these mechanisms is to ensure that no central gatekeeping authority manages a blockchain’s record of transactions and data. Instead, they rely on network participants to validate transactions and add new blocks to the chain.

The Evolution from PoS to DPoS

Proof-of-stake (PoS) itself was a significant improvement over the original proof-of-work (PoW) mechanism, which is used by major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH). PoS reduces the energy consumption associated with mining in PoW by allowing network participants to create new blocks and validate transactions based on the number of coins they hold and are willing to “stake” as collateral. 

Daniel Larimer proposed delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS) in 2014, which extends this concept. In DPoS, stakeholders elect a small group of delegates or witnesses to validate transactions and secure the network on their behalf. This approach aims to enhance the blockchain’s scalability and democratic governance.

What is Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) and How Does it Work?

In a DPoS system, coin holders vote for a specific number of delegates who are responsible for validating transactions and maintaining the blockchain. Each coin holder’s voting power is proportional to the number of coins they hold. This delegation process can create a more efficient and scalable network by reducing the number of participants involved in consensus activities. 

As Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of Ethereum, once mentioned, “The idea behind delegated proof-of-stake is to create a more democratic and efficient system where stakeholders have a direct influence on the network’s operation.”

Benefits of DPoS


DPoS significantly improves the scalability of the blockchain. Limiting the number of participants involved in the consensus process enables the network to handle more transactions per second, making it more efficient than traditional PoW and PoS systems.

Energy Efficiency

Like PoS, DPoS eliminates the need for energy-intensive mining processes. This makes it a more environmentally friendly option compared to PoW.

Democratic Governance

DPoS introduces a more democratic system of governance. Stakeholders have the power to elect and remove delegates, ensuring that those who maintain the network are accountable to the community.

Advertisement Banner


Transaction validation and block creation are faster in a DPoS system due to the smaller number of validating nodes. This speed is crucial for applications that require quick and reliable transaction processing.


DPoS maintains a high level of security by ensuring that delegates are selected based on the community’s trust. Malicious actors can be quickly voted out, maintaining the integrity of the network.

What is Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS)
What is Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS)

DPoS in Action: Binance, EOS, and TRON

Many modern blockchains have adopted the DPoS consensus mechanism. For instance, Binance Smart Chain (BSC) employs a variant of DPoS called Proof-of-Staked Authority (PoSA), which combines aspects of both PoS and PoA to enhance scalability and security.

EOS is another notable example of a blockchain utilising DPoS. It has gained attention for its ability to handle a large number of transactions per second, making it a suitable platform for decentralised applications (dApps).

TRON also uses DPoS to support its high throughput and efficient transaction processing. These implementations demonstrate the practical benefits of DPoS in real-world blockchain applications.

What is Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS), Its Challenges and Criticisms?

Despite its advantages, DPoS is not without its criticisms. One primary concern is the centralisation risk. Since only a small number of delegates are responsible for maintaining the network, there is a potential for these delegates to collude and act against the community’s best interests. However, the voting mechanism is designed to mitigate this risk by allowing stakeholders to vote out any delegate who behaves maliciously.

Another criticism is the potential for voter apathy. In a DPoS system, the consensus mechanism’s effectiveness depends on stakeholders’ active participation. Stakeholders not participating in the voting process can lead to a concentration of power among a few individuals.

The Final Thought

DPoS represents a significant evolution in blockchain consensus mechanisms, offering enhanced scalability, efficiency, and democratic governance. We can appreciate its role in shaping the future of blockchain technology. As blockchain continues to evolve, mechanisms like DPoS will play a crucial role in ensuring these systems remain secure, efficient, and inclusive.

The rise of DPoS-based blockchains like Binance, EOS, and TRON shows the growing importance of this consensus mechanism in the cryptocurrency world. As we keep up with the latest crypto news and updates, it’s clear that DPoS is a promising path forward for scalable and democratically governed blockchain networks. Now, we hope you can answer the What is delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS) question if it ever pops up again. Stay plugged in to The BIT Journal for more updates from the world of digital currency.



The price predictions and financial analysis presented on this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute financial, investment, or trading advice. While we strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, the volatile nature of cryptocurrency markets means that prices can fluctuate significantly and unpredictably.

You should conduct your own research and consult with a qualified financial advisor before making any investment decisions. The Bit Journal does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of any information provided in the price predictions, and we will not be held liable for any losses incurred as a result of relying on this information.

Investing in cryptocurrencies carries risks, including the risk of significant losses. Always invest responsibly and within your means.

Share This Article
With over a decade of experience in Crypto Journalism and professional Public Relations (PR) practice, Jerry is a Copy Editor who's vastly experienced in mentoring and guiding writers on crafting impactful articles, opinions and thought leaderships that have persuasive impact, helping to shape brands and individuals' public image.
Leave a comment